Carl Jung’s ideas towards Cognitive functions.
How people perceive and judge the world from their own subjective view.
Jungian Cognitive functions, are defined as “thinking”, “feeling”, “sensation” and “intuition”.
Using metaphors for names, Jung described two kinds of cognitive processes—perception and judgment.
Sensation and intuition were the two kinds of perception.
Thinking and feeling were the two kinds of judgment.
He said that every mental act consists of using at least one of these four cognitive processes.
Then he described eight personality types that were characterized by using one of the processes in either the extroverted or introverted world.
Extroverted sensing types, introverted sensing types,
extroverted intuiting types, introverted intuiting types,
extroverted thinking types, introverted thinking types,
extroverted feeling types, and introverted feeling types.
He also suggested that these processes operate not just as the dominant process in a personality but also in other ways.
This focus is on ‘Intuition”.
What is ‘Intuition’?
In Carl Jung’s theory of the ego, described in 1916 in Psychological Types, intuition is an “irrational function”, opposed most directly by sensation, and opposed less strongly by the “rational functions” of thinking and feeling.
Jung defined intuition as “perception via the unconscious”.
Using sense-perception only as a starting point, to bring forth ideas, images, possibilities, ways out of a blocked situation, by a process that is mostly unconscious.
Jung said that a person in whom intuition is dominant, an “intuitive type”, acts not on the basis of rational judgment but on sheer intensity of perception.